Tate Liverpool, situated in a converted warehouse within the Albert Dock on the city’s waterfront, displays many significant pieces of modern art. The gallery’s permanent collection is free to view and contains works from Germany that demonstrate the country’s significant impact on the development of modern art in the twentieth century.
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner was a German expressionist painter and one of the founders of the artists group ‘Die Brücke’ in Dresden 1905, which was instrumental in the formation of the Expressionist movement. His Bathers at Moritzburg (1909–26) is on display in Liverpool and it demonstrates the use of exaggerated and non-naturalistic colour and crude drawing technique that was typical for the movement.
Dadaville (c.1924) by Max Ernst is also on display in Liverpool. Ernst was a pioneer in the anarchic circles of Cologne Dada before he moved to Paris, where he had a leading role in the emerging Surrealist movement. The Dada movement formed during the First World War in Zurich, responding to the horrors of war by destroying traditional values in art through their own satirical and non-nonsensical work.
German painter, sculptor, typographer and writer, Kurt Schwitters, created his own form of Dada in Hanover 1918 called ‘Merz’. He is most famous for his collages, for which he used discarded materials such as labels, bus tickets and bits of broken wood. The Proposal (1942) was completed in exile in London.
Moving on to the second half of the twentieth century, Gerhard Richter is a renowned contemporary artist who works in diverse media and styles, ranging from photorealistic paintings to stained glass windows. The offset lithograph, his most frequently used technique, can be seen in Elizabeth I (1966), which hangs in the Tate Liverpool.
For more information about visiting the Tate Liverpool and what is currently on display, view their website here.